N-Hexane Extractable Material (HEM; Oil and Grease) and Silica Gel Treated N-Hexane Extractable Material (SGT-HEM; Non-Polar Material) by Extraction and Gravimetry

By EPA 1664

Scope:

This method determines n-hexane extractable material (HEM; oil and grease) and n-hexane extractable material that is not adsorbed by silica gel (SGT-HEM; non-polar material) in surface and saline waters and industrial and domestic aqueous wastes. HEM includes relatively non-volatile hydrocarbons, vegetable oils, animal fats, waxes, soaps, greases, and related materials.

A 1-L sample is acidified and serially extracted three times with n-hexane in a separatory funnel. The extract is dried over sodium sulfate. The solvent is distilled from the extract and the residue from the extract is desiccated. The amount of HEM in the extract is measured by weighing the dry residue on a balance. If the HEM is to be used for determination of SGT-HEM, the HEM is redissolved in n-hexane and silica gel is added to remove polar materials. The solution is filtered to remove the silica gel, the solvent is distilled, and the residue is desiccated. The amount of SGT-HEM in the extract is measured by weighing the dry residue on a balance.

Method Data

Method 200.8
Hold Time6 months from preservation to analysis,
Preservationpreserve with HNO3 to pH <2 within two weeks of collection. Dissolve elements: acidfy the filtrate with HNO3 to pH <2 immediately after filtration. Solid samples should be kept at 4°C.
Sample Volume250mL HDPE bottle
Collection MethodGrab sampling
InstrumentationICP/MS PerkinElmer NexION 350X
Method Refernce200.8

Analyte List

AnalyteFormulaCAS Number
AluminumAl7429-90-5
AntimonySb7440-36-0
ArsenicAs7440-38-2
BariumBa7440-39-3
BerylliumBe7440-41-7
CadmiumCd7440-43-9
CalciumCa7440-70-2
ChromiumCr7440-47-3
CobaltCo7440-48-4
CopperCu7440-50-8
IronFe7439-89-6
LeadPb7439-92-1
MagnesiumMg7439-95-4
ManganeseMn7439-96-5
MolybdenumMo7439-98-7
NickelNi7440-02-0
PotassiumK7440-09-07
SeleniumSe7782-49-2
SilverAg7440-22-4
SodiumNa7440-23-5
ThalliumTl7440-28-0
TitaniumTi7440-32-6
VanadiumV7440-62-2
ZincZn7440-66-6

* The typical detection limits and analytes are displayed for this particular method. Please contact Specialty Analytical if other analytes or detection limits are required in addition to the 200.8 Analyte List.

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